5 min read 

In our blog, we talk a lot about technical analysis, patterns, features and prominent opportunities. The thing is, traders should never lose sight of fundamental factors, too, as they account for massive price swings. Today we are talking about fundamental factor and their practical application in trading.

On the foreign exchange market, all currencies are traded in pairs. Each currency pair has the base currency (it comes first) and the quote currency (that comes second). To understand what is the right time to buy or sell a particular currency pair we will be using EUR/USD as an example. The EUR is the base currency, while the USD is the quote one. In other words, when buying the currency pair, you expect the Euro to appreciate against the American dollar. And vice versa, should the USD appreciate against the Euro you would want to sell the currency pair.

Fundamental Factors in Forex

What are the fundamental factors in Forex trading? National currencies mirror the performance of their respective economies. Important events, announcements and data reveals play a key role in determining the exchange rates. For example, the better the economy of the United States is doing, the more expensive the USD will become. Of course, major economic events will depend on the currencies you are about to trade. An important announcement, made by the Bank of England, could hardly move the USD but most certainly would influence the GBP.

EUR/USD pair after a major announcement

Depending on the economy of each country traders can estimate whether or not to BUY/SELL the currencies of those countries respectively. There are several key indicators to estimate the well-being of the country’s economy: GDP growth rate, interest rates, unemployment etc. All of them influence the exchange rates, though to a different extent.

But remember that a strong economy does not always mean a strong currency. A lot of countries manipulate the exchange rates in order to make domestically produced goods cheaper and boost exports.

Fundamental analysis comes with a lot of grey areas. Most events have a chance of influencing the exchange rates and nothing is set in stone. You could, therefore, take into consideration  the signals that the market sends and analyze several factors before making the final decision.

Things to Consider

Even after major economic events currency pairs rarely demonstrate substantial movement. In order to make their occupations viable, Forex trader turn to a multiplier. By using a multiplier, the trader can control a position that is greater than the amount of funds at his disposal. For example, when opening a $100 deal and using an x5 multiplier your potential profit (and loss) will be calculated as if you were investing $500. This option can turn out to be valuable, especially when the direction of the future price movement can be accurately predicted, but bears a higher degree of risk.

The list of events in the economic calendar

An economic calendar, a list of Forex-related events, can help  a great deal to those interested in fundamental analysis. Since you are trading currency pairs when working on the Forex market, events that happen in this or that country will ultimately influence the exchange rate.

To the platform

NOTE: This article is not an investment advice. Any references to historical price movements or levels is informational and based on external analysis and we do not warranty that any such movements or levels are likely to reoccur in the future.
In accordance with European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) requirements, binary and digital options trading is only available to clients categorized as professional clients.


GENERAL RISK WARNING


CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.
77% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.
You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.